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Guadalupe Ruin Chacoan Outlier

Archaeological Site
Guadalupe Ruin sits on top of this steep mesa. – Gretchen Obenauf

ADA Accessibility Notes

Not accessible. The trail is steep and unimproved.

Guadalupe Ruin is the easternmost of the Chacoan outliers. Parts of it were excavated in the early 1970s by Eastern New Mexico University. This remote outlier is located on a small, high mesa reached by a steep, unimproved trail. Two kivas not backfilled after excavation are now protected by roofs, and may be entered by visitors. Based on tree-ring dating, initial construction took place in about AD 960. The pueblo was abandoned by its Chacoan inhabitants in the early thirteenth century, but remodeled and occupied by a Mesa Verde population in the late thirteenth century. Guadalupe Ruin is an excellent example of a Chacoan outlier, exhibiting many of the architectural and cultural traits found at Chaco Canyon. The Guadalupe Community consists of the Chacoan great house, a large kiva that may have functioned as a great kiva, and numerous smaller residential sites surrounding the mesa. There are about 50 rooms in Guadalupe Ruin, including several kivas. It is managed by the Federal Bureau of Land Management. No interpretation is available.

Pet Friendly Notes

Dogs on leash welcome.

Time Period Represented

Occupied from about AD 960 to about 1300


Daylight hours

Seasons Open

Year round - but the road is impassable after heavy rain or snow



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