Most of the Sierra San Pedro is designated as the San Pedro Parks Wilderness with 41,132 acres. Local Hispanos use this range as summer pastures for cattle. The elevation reaches 10,000 feet above sea level and is known for rolling granite mountaintops and meadows. There are dense stands of spruce, fir, and aspen and the region is bisected by trout streams.
This range in whole or in part was used by Hispano agro-pastoralists for their livestock and other necessities of local resource procurement. Timber was harvested here as well. It is very important for any visitor to the Sierra San Pedro to acknowledge and appreciate that this country is an anthropogenic or a “human-environment landscape” associated with the Hispano mountain culture. Hispano mountain culture developed and evolved over four centuries in New Mexico's mountain environment and by contact with American Indians that modified the patterns of lifeways of Hispano agri-pastoralist. Locals are wary and suspicious of outsiders but mostly friendly and respectful if the visitor reaches out. A good icebreaker is to use Spanish place names with some attempt at good pronunciation. There have been some long standing conflicts between the natives that have deep ties to the land and outsiders who have begun to gentrify the region and against the US Forest Service itself. The recent economic downturn has slowed gentrification considerably and the USFS has curtailed its dominance somewhat. A visitor is asked to approach their enjoyment of this country with the understanding that cattle and other non-recreational activity on the part of the locals is part of an ongoing lifeway that gives the region its charm. Locals are attempting to hold on to fragments of traditional human-environment interaction. Many are about their business of checking on cattle or other similar activities and a good policy is to support their way of life even if it conflicts with a visitor’s presupposed concept of what untouched nature is supposed to be or what kind of human activity should happen there. A visitor will see many domestic cattle in the areas designated as "wilderness" because this is organic food and an "organic" way of life to the mountain Hispano.